Ancient Roman Mythology & Folklore

Adranus: Ancient Sicilian God Worshipped in Adranum

Adranus, a Sicilian divinity who was worshipped in all the island of Sicily, but especially at Adranus, a town near Mount Aetna. (Plut. Tim. 12; Diod. 14.37.) Hesychius (s. v. Παλικοί) represents the god as the father of the Palici. According to Aelian (Ael. NA 11.20), about 1000 sacred dogs were kept near his temple. Some modern …

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Acontius and Cyddipe: Marriage Vow Enforced by Artemis

Acontius (sometimes Akontius) was a beautiful youth of the island of Ceos. On one occasion he came to Delos to celebrate the annual festival of Artemis (or Diana), and fell in love with Cydippe, the daughter of a noble Athenian. When he saw her sitting in the temple attending to the sacrifice she was offering, …

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Acestes: Son of Ancient Sicilian River God named in Aeneid

Acestes, a son of the Sicilian river-god Crimisus and of a Trojan woman of the name of Egesta or Segesta (Vergil, Aeneid. 1.195, 550, 5.36, 711, &c.), who according to Servius was sent by her father Hippotes or Ipsostratus to Sicily, that she might not be devoured by the monsters [Greek invaders], which infested the territory of Troy, …

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Acca Larentia: Goddess of Fertility Celebrated on Larentalia

Acca Larentia (or Larentia), a mythical woman who occurs in the stories of early Roman history. Macrobius (Macr. 1.10), together with Plutarch (Quaest. Rom. 35; Romul. 5) relates the following tradition about her: In the reign of Ancus Martius [the fourth King of Rome] a servant (aedituus) of the temple of Hercules, during days of celebration, invited the …

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